french bulldog health issues

French bulldog health issues (and how to solve them)

Health issues  of the French Bulldog

The French Bulldog is a very popular companion dog. Characteristic are the flat, broad nose, the upright ears, and its short, stocky body. This compact exterior has led to many health problems in the breed. The most common hereditary disorders and health issues are described below.

BOS

french bulldog BOS

Short of breath – BOS

The Brachycephalic Obstructive Syndrome (BOS) is one of the three most important disorders that occur in French Bulldogs.

Nature of the problem

Brachycephaly breeds (literally: breeds with a short skull) are deliberately bred for this form of the skull, which leads to growth restraint and therefore a shorter, wider skull. Breeding standards and breed standards make this a requirement to the appearance of the French Bulldog.

The brachycephalic obstructive syndrome (BOS) is a condition in which anatomical characteristics of the short-haired breeds lead to (partial) obstruction of the respiratory tract. The following anatomical features are involved:

narrowed nostrils

too soft a palate (palatal molle)

an underdeveloped windpipe (trachea hypoplasia)

underdeveloped nose shells (nasopharyngeal turbinates)

symptoms

Other problems of the BOS are less visible but are conceivable. For example, the length of the soft palate has remained too long with the ever shorter breeding of the muzzle. The consequence of this is that the too long palate sometimes closes the access to the windpipe. When inhaling and exhaling, the windpipe will then flutter back and forth. This results in a kind of snoring breathing.

If the soft palate also starts to swell a bit due to a sore throat or forced breathing (exertion, heat), there will be even less space and access to the windpipe will be further hampered. The snoring that occurs in many short-haired breeds can be seen as a signal that breathing is being made difficult. The animal will be anxious to a greater or lesser extent. Unfortunately, the sound is perceived as ‘cute’ by many owners.

As a result of the abnormal anatomical features, increased air resistance is created which makes breathing more difficult. This is compared to ‘breathing through a straw’. The increased air resistance and turbulence of the air cause swelling of the palate and larynx, the collapse of the throat tonsils and collapse of the larynx (larynx). These effects can lead to life-threatening respiratory distress.

Dogs suffering from BOS include symptoms breathing noises such as snoring, difficulty in breathing, extreme panting, coughing, exercise intolerance, overheating and fainting.

BOS is a progressive condition, which can cause clinical symptoms that vary in severity from slightly increased effort to be able to breathe to a life-threatening breathlessness due to the closure of the airways and coincidence of the larynx. The symptoms occur in most dogs around the age of 2-3 years, but can already be observed in puppies. The diagnosis can be made based upon the clinical symptoms and examination of the head and airways, possibly supplemented with X-rays and/or a CT scan. BOS can only be remedied through a specialist and major operation.

The brachycephalic obstructive syndrome occurs to a large extent in brachycephalic breeds, including the French Bulldog. Studies into the occurrence of BOS among the population of French Bulldogs in different countries show a varying prevalence, from 2.7% to 67.0%. BOS is seen as the main problem for the well-being of the French Bulldogs population. Although not all cases end up at the vet:

It is almost certain that obstructed breathing, which manifests itself in snoring and with more severe forms and exertion as real symptoms, is seen by many owners as normal and is not reported to a veterinarian or insurance. Owners who buy a young French Bulldog have often had one before and call the snoring sound cozy or fun (like a cute little piglet).

Severity

The health and well-being of the brachycephalous obstructive syndrome can be described as very serious.

Intertrigo

French Buldog Intertrigo

Other hereditary defects due to the breed standard

In addition to the common health problems French bulldogs suffer from, the extreme build of the French Bulldog has led to even more health and welfare problems. The excessive skin folds on the head can cause inflammation of the skin between the folds (intertrigo), irritation of the cornea through hairs of the nose fold (trichiasis) and curling in of the eyelids (entropion). According to the breed standard, the eyes must be large and well rounded, otherwise, it can lead to corneal damage and inflammation (corneal ulcers). The short, bulky and compact body shape of the French Bulldog has resulted in excessive skin fold formation on the body with accompanying inflammation of the skin (intertrigo). The short, ‘knotted’ or ‘naturally broken’ tail can poke the back of the skin, leading to wrinkling, irritation, and inflammation (tail pleat dermatitis).

Intertrigo

Nature of the problem

Intertrigo is an inflammation of the skin (dermatitis) caused by rubbing skin folds alongside each other as a result of excess skin. Wrinkles and skin folds are an external characteristic by the French Bulldog, but they also guarantee health issues. Bacterial inflammation of the skin can easily occur between the skin folds due to the accumulation of moisture, for example, tear fluid, urine or saliva. Intertrigo, also called dermatitis, is often accompanied by a foul odor, itching and sometimes pain when the inflammation is severe. The fold formation can occur over the entire body, or limited to certain parts of the body, such as the nose, lips, around the eyes or the tail. Sometimes the condition is so severe that surgery is needed to permanently remedy the problem.

Severity and extent of prevention

Research shows that 17% of Bulldogs suffer from skin folds that lead to dermatitis.

Dermatitis and Eye disorders: entropion, trichiasis, and corneal ulcers

Nature of the problem

The French Bulldog has several hereditary eye disorders that have arisen as a result of breeding to the breed standard: entropion, trichiasis, and corneal ulcers. Entropion is the curling in of (one of) the eyelids. As a result, the eyelashes constantly rub against the cornea of ​​the eye. This also arises as a result of trichiasis, in which the eyelashes face the eyeball without the presence of entropion. The French Bulldog also has nasal fold trichiasis, where the hair on the nasal fold touches the eyeball due to the short muzzle and excessive skin folds – breed characteristics sought after by breeders. The eyeball is continuously irritated by the eyelashes or hair, causing tears, pinching of the eyes and defects of the cornea. Cornea ulcers and deep corneal damage can occur as a result of this chronic irritation of the cornea. Because of the large, round eyes, the eyes bulge slightly and as a result, the eyelids cannot close properly, the cornea is much more sensitive to dehydration and damage, which will also lead to problems.

Severity and extent of occurrence

Entropion, trichiasis and corneal ulcers are very painful eye conditions and are assessed as moderately severe to very severe well-being. Entropion occurs in 14% of the Bulldogs.

Hernia

French Bulldog hernia

What is a hernia?

In the case of a hernia, the firm connective tissue tears off the intervertebral disc and the gel-like core comes out. This mass can then press on the spinal cord or on a nerve emerging from the spinal cord. In this case, it’s called a Hernia Nucleosus Pulposa, or simply a hernia.

Hernias are most common in the neck (neck hernia), on the transition from the chest vertebrae to the lower vertebrae and on the transition from the lower vertebrae to the sacrum (low back hernia). The latter is described separately under lumbosacral stenosis.

What are the symptoms of a hernia?

Paralysis and failure symptoms

The symptoms depend on where the core material presses. With pressure on the spinal cord, failure and paralysis symptoms will prevail. Dropout can vary from one leg to all four legs.

Pain

With pressure on the exiting nerve, the dog will react particularly painfully. The pain can vary from light to very severe!

Combination of pain and loss. It is of course also possible that there is both pain and loss.

A hernia is a very common French bulldog health issue.

Blurred symptoms

Pay attention! Sometimes the symptoms are not that clear at all. For example, a dog can only drag the nails over the floor or have difficulty eating (pain in the neck when reaching for the bowl).

When my Frenchie had a hernia, she wouldn’t jump on the couch anymore, and when I put her on the couch she would remain there all day without eating. I had to feed her by hand on the couch. So if your French bulldog doesn’t jump on or over things anymore, this could be a sign of a hernia, I didn’t know this at first so I want to warn as many Frenchie owners as possible to the unclear signs of a hernia.

Diagnosis of a hernia

A thorough physical examination with a neurological examination by the vet is necessary to be able to diagnose a hernia. To make a definitive diagnosis and to exclude other causes, it is advisable to take an X-ray in the event of a hernia.

In a number of cases, the X-ray image does not provide a definitive answer. In that case, contrast photos can offer a solution, but it is better for your French bulldog to have a CT scan made.

Treatment of a hernia

Absolute rest for 6 weeks

The treatment of a hernia depends on the severity of the symptoms. Contrary to what many people think, it is not always necessary to operate a hernia immediately. In most cases, ABSOLUTE REST FOR 6 WEEKS can lead to a full recovery.

Absolute rest really means spending the day on a couch, his own Frenchie Bed or a bench and only outside for relief and urination. Even complete paralysis of the hind legs can heal as a result. A large bench works best. You can buy it at the pet store or order it in our shop.

Corticosteroids and painkillers

Although the effect is increasingly being questioned, the administration of fast-acting corticosteroids is still a widely used medication. In milder cases, painkillers are often prescribed.

Surgery

Surgery is absolutely necessary if the symptoms of paralysis increase. That is why it is important in the case of symptoms of paralysis to come to the vet within the first 48 hours! In addition, surgery is necessary for very serious paralysis symptoms with failure of the pain reflexes. This is also something that only your veterinarian can properly judge. Surgery of hernias is specialist work.

Neck and back support and relief

There are accessories that are useful in the treatment of hernias because they relieve your dog’s neck or back in various situations. Even when your dog has recovered from a hernia, it is important to relieve the neck or back in order to reduce the chance of a new hernia.

PRO TIP: don’t be fooled in case your dog doesn’t have any complaints after a few days! If the hernia is diagnosed, the intervertebral disc really needs the 6-week rest to recover. Returning your dog’s freedom of movement earlier can lead to a renewed and more severe hernia!

Atopy

french bulldog atopy

What is atopy?

When a French bulldog has an allergy to substances in the environment, it is called atopy. The allergens from the substances that cause these symptoms usually enter the body via inhalation. This includes grass or tree pollen and house dust mites. It can be compared to hay fever in humans. Skin problems are a major factor in French bulldog health problems.

The symptoms are itching and skin changes and are sometimes difficult to treat. Veterinary therapy consists of suppressing the itch and repairing the skin. Atopy can be seasonal, such as an allergy to pollen, which is only in the air during certain months of the year.

But even seasonal allergies, symptoms can occur throughout the year. Other causes of atopy (for example dust mites) are permanently present.

Symptoms of atopy

Atopy usually manifests itself in itching. This manifests itself primarily on the head, armpits, groin, and legs. Redness and baldness can also occur around the eyes and muzzle. Brown discoloration of the coat can occur due to licking and biting. Due to chronic irritation caused by scratching and biting, black discoloration and thickening of the skin can occur. Sometimes the only complaint seen with atopy is having a recurring ear infection that responds temporarily to treatment with ear ointment. These ear ointments contain anti-itch medication, which temporarily relieves the symptoms. However, the underlying problem, the atopy, is not resolved and complaints return as soon as the ointment is stopped. It is thought that around 90% of dogs with recurring ear problems have atopy or food hypersensitivity as the underlying cause.

Making the diagnosis

Skin disorders are complex and can have multiple causes. The veterinarian usually carries out several tests to determine the underlying causes. Hereby the vet first of all rules out that there are skin problems caused by parasites such as fleas. A fungal test is often carried out to exclude the presence of skin fungi. If none of the above problems arise, it must be determined whether your Frenchie may be allergic to something in the diet. For this, your Frenchie must be fed for at least six weeks with a so-called elimination diet. This is a diet that consists of one carbohydrate source and one protein source that did not occur in the normal diet. This minimizes the chance of an allergic reaction. If the elimination diet does not improve, there is a good chance that the cause is atopy. To find out which substance causes the atopic reaction, also known as allergen, more specialized research is needed.

Treatment and the role of nutrition

The best treatment is to avoid contact with the allergens, but this is usually not possible. Treatment is possible with the help of medical treatment and/or dietary food.

Medication

Multiple treatment options are possible with medication. These treatments do not cure the condition but help to suppress the symptoms of the allergy. A substance that is used for this is cyclosporine. Cyclosporine is a substance that suppresses the allergy reaction in the skin. The immune cells are disrupted in the event of atopy. By reducing their activity, the symptoms of itching and inflammation in the skin can be reduced. Good results are generally achieved with the help of this medication. The substance is safe and few side effects are seen. The disadvantage is that the therapy is quite expensive and must be continued for life. A more cost-effective option is to use corticosteroids to control itching and inflammation. This treatment is generally very effective because corticosteroids reduce the activity of the entire immune system. Corticosteroids can cause side effects such as urination and drinking, increased appetite, thinner skin and diabetes with prolonged use. Unfortunately, corticosteroids sometimes offer the only solution. The veterinarian tries to prescribe the lowest possible dosage that is effective with as few side effects as possible.

Because constant scratching damages the skin, the skin’s defenses are also seriously affected and so-called ‘secondary infections’ are often observed. These are caused by bacteria or yeasts that are normally on the skin and usually cause no problems. Due to the decreased skin defenses, these bacteria and yeasts strike and cause skin infections. These infections can aggravate inflammation and itching as a result of the allergy. In many cases, your veterinarian prescribes antibiotics and medicinal shampoo to treat these infections.

food

A Frenchie with atopy places higher demands on nutrients because the recovery of the skin requires a lot of energy and nutrients. Special diet foods help to reduce symptoms and support recovery and play an important role in the treatment of skin conditions.

A cherry-eye

A cherry-eye is a deviation of the eye, or to be more specific a tear gland in the eye. The tear gland that is normally located behind the third eyelid is suddenly visible in the corner of your dog’s eye with a cherry eye. This one is in the top 5 of French bulldog health issues

What are the symptoms of a cherry eye in the dog?

  • Visibility of a swollen gland in the medial corner of your French bulldog.
  • Red-eye mucosa in your dog.
  • Teardrops, sometimes with inflammatory fluid, on your Frenchie’s face.
  • Usually, one eye is affected, but often a cherry eye develops in the other eye within 1-3 months.

What is the cause of a dog’s cherry eye?

A cherry-eye is caused by swelling of the tear gland that is located behind the third eyelid. Because of the swelling, the tear gland suddenly becomes visible above the third eyelid. Sometimes the swelling diminishes and the tear gland drops back to its normal position behind the third eyelid, but usually, the swelling of the tear gland is so intense that it continuously protrudes above the third eyelid. Because the tear gland protrudes, the mucous membrane is constantly exposed to dehydration and dirt, which can cause inflammation.

How do we treat a French bulldog’s cherry eye?

The purpose of treating a cherry eye is to return the bulging tear gland to its normal position. In the first instance, under local anesthetic of the eye, the veterinarian may try to return the tear gland to its normal position. Unfortunately, the bulging tear gland can return within a few minutes to days. The replacement of the tear gland in its normal position must then be done surgically. During this operation, the tear gland is placed in a ‘pocket’ behind the third eyelid, after which the ‘pocket’ is closed with stitches. Unfortunately, the tear gland can also swell and bulge again after this operation. Unfortunately, no surgery technique is available that is 100% effective.

The bulging tear gland and the third eyelid are very important for eye protection. We therefore strongly advise against completely removing the tear gland (and the third eyelid). Because inflammation is a consequence and not a cause of a cherry eye with French bulldogs, treatment with an antibiotic eye ointment will not solve the problem. Often an eye ointment is prescribed to protect the tear gland and the eye until the operation.

luxating patella with the French bulldog

French bulldog Luxating Patella

What is luxating patella?

The kneecap or patella is normally located in a cartilage slot on the lower part of the upper leg. In the case of a luxating patella, it moves from its place (in or out). The kneecap has an important function in the mechanism of the knee bend. This function is lost when the kneecap is luxed. As a result, the dog can no longer lean well on this leg.

Knee-disc luxation can occur on one leg, but we often see it on opposite sides. We see it in young French bulldogs from about 8 weeks old, but we often see problems later in life. In principle, luxating patella can occur in all breeds. However, we see it most often with the small dog breeds so your Frenchie is more prone to getting it…Again one of the many French bulldog health issues.

The fact that luxating patella is a complex problem is clear from the different classifications in which this condition is subdivided.

Subdivision in appearance

  • Medial luxation (luxation inwards) for mini, small and large dog breeds.
  • Lateral luxation (outwards) with mini and small dog breeds
  • Lateral luxation (outwards) with large dog breeds

Subdivision according to cause

  • Heredity
    Genetically determined anatomical abnormalities cause the luxating patella. For example, the tibia (the piece of bone to which the knee tendon is attached) can be placed too much inside, forcing the kneecap outside the cartilage slot.
  • Traumatic
    Due to an accident, one or more straps can tear off that normally keep the kneecap in place
  • physical abnormalities
    Other conditions can cause the kneecap to loosen up in the cartilage slot. Cushing’s disease is an example of this. Due to sagging of the tendons and muscles, the kneecap is no longer held tight enough in the slot.

Subdivision in the severity of luxation

luxating patella can occur in different degrees; from very occasionally to permanently in the wrong place. We make the following subdivision herein;

  • Degree 1
    The kneecap can be luxating with a stretched leg to move the kneecap by hand. When the leg is back in the normal position, the kneecap shoots back automatically.
  • Grade 2
    Hereby the patella misses regularly and then stays in a luxated position for a shorter or longer time. Some dogs “place” the kneecap itself back by stretching the leg backward. By regularly shooting the kneecap in and out, cartilage formalities, osteoarthritis, and cartilage trench flattening occur.
  • Grade 3
    The kneecap is permanently luxated, when the kneecap is put back in the right position, it pops out again. The cartilage slot is shallow or even flattened. The leg is loaded but is often in a bent position.
  • Grade 4
    The kneecap is permanently luxated and the cartilage slot is flattened or sloping. Dogs keep their paw up or with mutual luxation they walk extremely wide-legged.

Symptoms of luxating patella with French bulldogs

Symptoms of luxating patella can vary from very occasional pulling up the relevant leg to the permanent abnormal position of the leg where the French bulldog walk with their knees out. When the kneecap comes back in the right position, the problems are gone immediately.

With medial luxating patella we can generally distinguish three groups;

  • Newborns and puppies
    Problems of abnormal use of one or both hind legs from the time they actually start walking.
  • Young to adult dogs
    These Frenchies often always have a somewhat different walk, but this can worsen slowly. These cases often have grade 2 or 3 luxating patella.
  • Older Frenchies
    Older Frenchies with grade 1 or 2 luxating patella often have minor symptoms in their lives. We often see sudden lameness and pain in these animals due to exacerbation of luxation and/or the increase in osteoarthritis.

How do we diagnose luxating patella?

The diagnosis is made on the basis of your Frenchie’s history and the examination in which a special handle is used to see whether the kneecap can be luxed. In some cases, it is better to do this test under light sedation.

Taking X-rays is not immediately necessary for diagnosis, but does exclude other causes and can provide information about the prognosis and the choice of treatment method.

What is the treatment for luxating patella?

The treatment of the luxating patella depends on the degree and the cause of the luxation.

Degree 1 luxating patella is often not treated (not least because the symptoms are so small). Yet it is very likely that, due to the regular luxations, a painful joint will develop. Moreover, this can cause bone abnormalities, which means that the luxation is getting worse. It is so that most of these cases can be operated.

The other degrees of luxating patella are certainly eligible for surgery. This can happen but it’s not a common French bulldog health issue.

Epilepsy in French Bulldogs

Epilepsy in French bulldogs is a regularly occurring disorder and a fairly common French bulldog health issue. Epilepsy is the repeated occurrence of seizures and comes in a primary and secondary form. The epileptic seizures vary per dog.

french bulldog epilepsy

What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a disease in which certain attacks occur. Usually, the attacks come with a certain regularity, on average once a month. Attacks arise because the function of the brain cells is disturbed. The nervous system, of which the brain is a part of, can be compared to a network of electrical cables that conduct electricity. The brain cells generate, transmit and receive electrical signals. With an epileptic seizure, there is a brief derailment of the electrical signals in the brain cells.

Does your French bulldog suffer from an epileptic seizure? Just keep calm and ensure that the dog cannot injure itself and others. It is important to keep track of the duration of the attack on the clock. Usually, an attack only takes a few minutes. Does the attack last longer than 10 minutes or do attacks follow each other quickly? Then call the vet immediately. In this case, the attack does not stop automatically and must, therefore, be stopped by the vet.

Two types of epilepsy

There are two types of epilepsy: primary epilepsy and secondary epilepsy. There is often no cause for primary epilepsy. With secondary epilepsy, there is often a specific cause for the attacks.

Primary epilepsy

There is usually no cause for primary epilepsy. The diagnosis is made by excluding other causes. This form of epilepsy usually develops between the ages of 6 months and 5 years (with an average of 3 years).

Secondary epilepsy

Secondary epilepsy usually occurs in French bulldogs less than 6 months of age or older than 5 years. With this form, there is a precise cause to be found. Sometimes it can be congenital, sometimes it is caused by infections, poisoning, tumors or abnormalities in the blood vessels.

The most common causes have to do with liver shunt or hepatitis, a low blood sugar level or meningitis.

Liver Shunt

Liver shunt is a congenital defect in which the blood vessels are not properly laid out and this affects mostly young French bulldogs. The liver cannot purify the toxins from the blood, leaving ammonia in the blood, among other things. The ammonia can cause epileptic seizures, but also behavioral changes and aggression. In older dogs, epilepsy can be caused by acute hepatitis.

Low blood sugar

Too low a blood sugar level is sometimes referred to as hypoglycemia and sometimes occurs in puppies. With a proliferation of pancreatic gland cells (insulinoma), insulin is produced, causing your dog to have an insufficient blood sugar level. Because the brain receives too little “food”, seizures can occur.

Meningitis

Meningitis is a progressive disease. Epileptic seizures can occur. Especially with infectious inflammation, epileptic seizures can be the only clear symptom.

Types of seizures

Epilepsy can occur in various types of seizures. You don’t have to do anything during such an attack. Make sure that the dog cannot injure itself and others. There are three types of epileptic seizures: partial seizures, generalized seizures, and atypical seizures.

Partial seizures

Partial epileptic seizures begin locally and may extend to a generalized seizure (Jacksonian epilepsy). A partial attack is expressed locally: shaking with an ear, with a leg or blinking with an eye. In addition to the Jacksonian epilepsy, there is the psychomotor seizure. The French bulldog then runs after its own tail or tries to catch imaginary flies.

Generalized attack

The generalized attack is also called ‘Grand mal’. This attack consists of three phases:

  • Phase 1: Prodrome
  • Phase 2: Ictus
  • Phase 3: Post-ictal phase

Prior to the attack, the dog may exhibit abnormal behavior or have a weird look in its eyes. This stage can take a few seconds, but sometimes also a few days.

The next phase is the real attack; the dog falls over and loses consciousness. This phase is characterized by the fact that stiffening is alternated with relaxation. Cramps can occur accompanied by violent movements with the legs. During such an attack it often happens that the dog loses urine or feces.

When the dog regains consciousness in phase 3, he is often ‘lost’. He has poor eyesight, doesn’t walk in a straight line and can be hungry and thirsty. Just like phase 1, this phase can take a very short time, but also a few days. It is important to approach your Frenchie calmly during that period. It may be that he does not recognize you and doesn’t know where he is.

Multiple attacks in one day

The dog may have multiple attacks in a day, with an interval ranging from a few minutes to a few hours. The dog can recover sufficiently between the attacks, but it is still important to call in the vet. The attacks must be interrupted to ensure that it stops.

The attack lasts all day

However, it can also happen that an attack continues throughout the day and there are no clear resting phases for the dog. In that case, it is important to call in a veterinarian as soon as possible. This attack is life-threatening and must be treated by the vet.

Atypical attacks

In addition to the types of attacks mentioned above, there are also atypical attacks. However, this type of attack is rare in French bulldogs.

Diagnosis

It is difficult to determine the diagnosis of epilepsy. It is therefore determined by excluding other causes for these attacks through various investigations. If your Frenchie has had the first attack you can wait until the second attack, although when you see him have an epileptic seizure you will freak out, it’s not a pretty sight. If a second attack follows within the foreseeable future, it is wise to go to the vet for a blood test. He will examine the most important functions (liver, kidneys, and thyroid). If the blood test shows no abnormalities, the vet will look further. The veterinarian looks at certain circumstances, such as type of attack and the age of your Frenchie. Based on this, a possible follow-up investigation is recommended, for example, a scan. If your dog meets the characteristics of epilepsy, the correct treatment will be determined.

Treatment

Secondary epilepsy has a multitude of causes and therefore many treatments. The correct treatment lies in resolving the causes of the attacks. The vet will prescribe a suitable treatment for your dog.

Sometimes, in the case of primary epilepsy, no cause can be found and treatment is preventing the attacks.

If your Frenchie has more than 1 seizure a month or if the seizures are very severe, medication treatment will be initiated, this will often be phenobarbital. The dosage of the medication is determined on the basis of your French bulldog’s weight, but how he responds to the medication must also be taken into account. Some dogs need more or less of the medication than another dog of the same weight. It is therefore important to maintain close contact with your veterinarian in the first period so that the correct dosage is given.

It sometimes happens that a French bulldog does not respond well to phenobarbital at all. He becomes hyperactive, is not itself and the epileptic attacks return more violently. If this is the case contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. The veterinarian tests whether the blood dose is correct or prescribes another medication.

Every drug has advantages, disadvantages and side effects. What drug your French bulldog should use will be indicated by the vet. If you see him suffer a lot from certain side effects, consult the veterinarian.

Important for epilepsy

  • If your Frenchie shows strange (spastic) movements, if he has a strange look in his or her eyes or if you suspect that he has (had) an epileptic attack, always contact your veterinarian.
  • Changing, forgetting, outbreaking or stopping the drug can, in fact, cause seizures and even lead to death. Therefore consult the veterinarian with every change.
  • Shampoos, flea and tick control agents can trigger attacks. Always do this in consultation with the vet.
  • If your Frenchie gets more attacks during the heat, it would be an option to sterilize or neuter.

There you have it, the most common health problems with a French bulldog. Of course, there are more health problems that can occur but the ones listed above are the most frequent so do keep this in mind when you are looking to get a cute Frenchie in your life.

Even though they are so prone to trouble, they remain one of the most adorable and beloved varieties.

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