French Bulldogs are full of character: they’re adorable, cuddly, and playful. Another trait of this special breed is the French Bulldog reverse sneeze. You may have noticed your Frenchie quickly inhaling and snorting, and now you are looking for answers. Below, you will find all there is to know about reverse sneezing from what it is, common causes, how to stop it, if and when to worry, and when to contact your vet.
What is a Reverse Sneeze?
If a French Bulldog is reverse sneezing, you will notice fast and repetitive inhalations through the nose and hear sounds of snorting and/or gagging. It almost sounds as if they are inhaling a sneeze; hence the name ‘reverse sneezing.’ During a reverse sneeze, a Frenchie will stand in one spot and its head and neck may appear extended.
The first couple of times you witness reverse sneezing can be scary. It may seem like your pooch is choking or can’t breathe, but this isn’t the case. Typically, a Frenchie is perfectly fine before and after a reverse sneeze.
If it’s the first time your dog has had this experience, it’s good to be cautious and take a video of the incident, then contact your vet to be certain it actually is reverse sneezing and not coughing or choking.
5 Common Causes of Reverse Sneezing and Solutions
Sneezing is a normal way to rid of irritants, and reverse sneezing is similar in that it’s a way to relieve an irritation that’s further down the throat.
While several breeds suffer from reverse sneezing, it’s more commonly seen in those with Brachycephalic Syndrome, where they have obstructive breathing due to the shape and size of their head, muzzle, and throat.
A French Bulldog reverse sneeze can happen if it’s trying to remove allergens like dust, pollen, or mold from their airways or if it breathes in an irritant such as seeds, pollen, grass, or smoke.
If you can avoid having your Frenchie around obvious allergens such as cigarette smoke or pollen coming through an opened window, you can potentially avoid a sneezing episode.
If a Frenchie is feeling extreme emotion, whether it be from joy or nerves, they may react by breathing faster and harder than usual, which can cause reverse sneezing.
Be aware of what events may cause your Frenchie to become overly excited, and try to help it stay calm. For example, if being left alone results in anxiety, learn more about separation anxiety and do crate training, avoid signals that show you’re leaving, and provide your pooch with toys to keep them busy. If your pup gets overly excited when guests come over, put it in another room until everyone is there, and have them be relaxed when you allow your pup to greet them.
Mites that are found in nasal passages can affect a dog’s sinuses, and reverse sneezing is a symptom of nasal mites.
Nasal mites can sometimes be found in mucus or around the nose. A vet can diagnose and treat them.
While you have to be careful of walks with your French Bulldog due to their breathing issues, there’s a high chance your Frenchie is so enthusiastic about getting out into the world that they’ll pull on the leash to get all the sights and smells in. The irritation this can cause to their throat may result in reverse sneezing.
Using a front-clip harness not only gives you more control and avoids too much pulling but is no-pull and choke-free, which should prevent your pooch from reverse sneezing.
A sneezing incident can be triggered by throat spasms caused by a change in body temperature. Since we can’t control the weather, this is sometimes unavoidable. Continue reading about how to stop unavoidable sneezing once it begins.
Once you observe the situation around you when reverse sneezing is happening, you will likely discover the cause and be able to fix it. When you can’t avoid a reverse sneezing incident, there are ways to stop it after it begins.
How to Stop my French Bulldog from Reverse Sneezing
Because reverse sneezing is a reflex that is sometimes unavoidable, you can’t always prevent an episode from occurring. While it’s typically nothing to worry about, watching your furry companion appear to be in a stressful situation is not necessarily enjoyable. You also don’t want your pooch to feel overwhelmed, so calming them down is important.
Most of the time, medical treatment for a French Bulldog reverse sneeze is not necessary, and there are simple ways to fix it.
Steps to Instantly Stop Reverse Sneezing
- For just a moment, place your fingers over the nostrils as a way to close them.
- Carefully massage the throat, and this should encourage your Frenchie to swallow and halt their sneezes.
- Very gently blow towards the face as a way to allow it to catch their breath.
- Have your dog go to a cool area or outside for fresh air as a way to calm them.
- Attempt to soothe and relax them by talking to them
Change Its Diet
Sometimes reverse sneezing happens because of an allergen. Many French Bulldogs have food allergies. If you feel that the above reasons aren’t the issue, try changing your Frenchie diet. Elimination could be the route to take. For example, if their food’s protein is chicken, try changing it to salmon.
Limited-ingredient dog food is great for dogs with food allergies due to its single protein source and no additives.
- Contains (1) 28 pound bag of dry dog food
- Helps minimize the number of ingredients dogs are exposed to
- Maintains digestive health
Reverse Sneezing at Night
It can certainly be frustrating to be woken up by your dog’s reverse sneezing when you’re sound asleep at night.
Here are some ways to potentially avoid this problem:
- Make sure your dog doesn’t overheat with too many blankets or an overly fluffy bed.
- Clean their bedding often in case allergies are the reason for their reverse sneezing.
- Move their sleeping location as a particular plant or area could be the cause.
Reverse Sneezing versus Tracheal Collapse
Sometimes reverse sneezing can be confused with tracheal collapse because of a ‘honking sound’ and similar reaction from a dog. However, it’s important to note that these are two very different conditions. Reverse sneezing is caused by an irritation in the back of the throat, while tracheal collapse is when air is unable to reach the lungs. This is very serious and requires immediate attention.
You can usually decipher between reverse sneezing and tracheal collapse by taking note of how quickly your Frenchie goes back to normal. Your pup may have numerous episodes of reverse sneezing with breaks in between before things settle down. During a tracheal collapse, breaks don’t occur.
When to Worry About Reverse Sneezing and Consult a Vet
Overall, the French Bulldog reverse sneeze is nothing to fret over. If it’s a quick episode that ends with your Frenchie being their happy, go-lucky self, all is probably well. If it becomes a very common occurrence, a vet may need to use their expertise to help you in the matter and diagnose the primary cause to give proper treatment. Your vet may prescribe an antihistamine for allergies, an antiparasite for nasal mites, or may need to remove a foreign particle.
If you notice reverse sneezing combined with a runny nose, several possible reasons for this could be a sign that there is a further health issue such as:
- An allergy: Again, you could find out what this is through elimination and fix the problem or you may need to contact your vet.
- Blocked nasal passages: If your dog is excessively sneezing, it may not be able to clear it’s nasal passages out.
- Cleft palate: This occurs when tissues between the mouth and nose don’t grow together properly leaving an opening and can be treated with surgery.
- Stenotic nares: This is a common disorder in dogs with the cute, smushed faces that Frenchies have. Their nostrils are pinched or narrow and this can cause breathing issues. If it’s too bad, it may need to be surgically treated.
- Polyps: This is when a pup has overgrown mucus-producing glands and it can be treated by surgery.
- Tumors: A nasal tumor is caused by the production of cells in the nasal passage. Benign tumors can be removed with surgery while cancerous ones need radiation.
- Oronasal Fistula: Some canines have a condition where there’s a passageway from the mouth to the nasal cavity formed by an unusual connection of tissue. When this happens, food and water can travel from the mouth to the nose and cause issues.
- Distemper: Dogs can develop a contagious viral disease that affects their respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems.
- A common cold: Yes, dogs can get colds, too! It will usually go away on their own, but sometimes a cold turns into an infection that needs medical treatment.
While there is a long list of worrisome issues that can cause a French Bulldog reverse sneeze, it’s more likely that the cause is not a major scare. The key is to contact your vet if sneezing happens excessively or you notice a persistent runny nose.
For the most part, reverse sneezing is not worth worrying about. Knowing the causes, fixes, and when to worry can alleviate any unnecessary stress.